University of North Dakota
The University of North Dakota is a public research university located in Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States.
UND was founded in 1883, six years before North Dakota became a state. Grand Forks native George H. Walsh submitted the bill to the Territorial Legislature of Dakota Territory that called for the new state of North Dakota's university to be located in Grand Forks. The first classes were held on September 8, 1884. The first building at UND, Old Main, housed all classrooms, offices, dorm rooms, and a library. In the 1880s, UND consisted of only a few acres of property, surrounded by farms and fields, nearly two miles west of the city of Grand Forks. Students living off campus had to take a train or a horse and carriage bus, dubbed the "Black Maria", from downtown to the campus. 20th century Early 20th century campus scenes Gradually, as the university grew, more buildings were constructed on campus and a trolley system was built to connect the growing university to downtown Grand Forks. However, there were several major interruptions in the life of the university. In 1918, UND was the hardest-hit single institution in the country by the flu epidemic which killed 1,400 people in North Dakota alone. Later that year, classes were suspended so the campus could become an army base for soldiers during World War I. During the Great Depression, UND provided free housing to students willing to do manual labor on campus. "Camp Depression," as it was called, consisted of railroad cabooses that housed eight male students each. "Camp Depression" students did not get regular meals from the cafeteria and had to be satisfied with only free leftovers. However, a number of Grand Forks citizens often opened their homes and kitchen tables to many of these young men. After World War II, enrollment quickly grew to more than 3,000. A large amount of housing had to be built on campus as well as several new academic buildings. The 1950s saw the rise of the Fighting Sioux hockey tradition. In the 1960s and 1970s, many student protests occurred at UND. The largest occurred in May 1970 when over 1,500 students gathered to protest the Kent State shootings. In 1975, enrollment swelled to a record 8,500. The 1970s also saw the establishment of the John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences at UND. During the 1980s and 1990s the University continued to grow. However, the devastating 1997 Red River Flood inundated numerous buildings on campus and forced the cancellation of the remainder of the school year. 21st century The start of the 21st century was marked by the opening of two major venues for UND athletics. The Ralph Engelstad Arena, home of men's and women's hockey, and the Alerus Center, home of UND football, both opened in 2001. The Betty Engelstad Sioux Center opened in August 2004, and currently serves as home to UND volleyball and men's and women's basketball. Millions of dollars worth of construction and renovation projects have dotted the campus landscape in recent years. As part of a plan to improve student facilities on campus, UND recently constructed a Wellness Center, a parking garage, and an apartment-style housing complex. Other construction projects around campus have included a new LEED Platinum-certified alumni center, a renovation and expansion of the College of Education and Human Development, and an expansion of the Energy and Environmental Research Center. UND's economic impact on the state and region is more than $1.3 billion a year and it is the second largest employer in the state of North Dakota, after the Air Force.
Students matter at UND. It is a place where students research alongside renowned faculty and those same renowned faculty light up the classrooms. It is a place that promotes balance - learning and growing outside the classroom as well as in one.
Alumni of the University of North Dakota have become notable in a variety of different fields including politics and government, business, science, literature, arts and entertainment, and athletics. Eight Governors of North Dakota were educated at UND, including Fred G. Aandahl, Louis B. Hanna, Lynn Frazier, William Langer, John Moses, Ragnvald A. Nestos, Allen I. Olson, and Ed Schafer, who was also the US Secretary of Agriculture from 2008ï¿½2009. Many U.S. Senators and Representatives of North Dakota were also graduates of UND, including former Senator Byron Dorgan and former Representative Earl Pomeroy. Former House Majority Leader Dick Armey is a UND graduate. Ronald Davies, a UND graduate and former federal judge, became a part of history when he ordered the integration of Little Rock Central High School during the American Civil Rights Movement. UND alumni who went on to notable careers in the business world include current president and CEO of Cargill Gregory R. Page, current president and CEO of the Buffalo Wild Wings restaurant chain Sally J. Smith, current CEO of Forum Communications William C. Marcil, former Las Vegas casino owner and UND philanthropist Ralph Engelstad, former President and CEO of Jossey-Bass Publishers Lynn D. W. Luckow, Founder and President of Summit Brewing Company Mark O. Stutrud, and former CEO of American Skandia and founder of WealthVest Marketing Wade Dokken. In the realm of science, notable UND alumni include important contributor to information theory Harry Nyquist, pioneer aviator Carl Ben Eielson, Arctic explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson, engineer and 2008 IEEE-USA president Russell Lefevre, NASA astronaut Karen L. Nyberg, and leading NASA manager John H. Disher. Alumni who have become notable through literature include the Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright and author Maxwell Anderson, Rhodes scholar and poet Thomas McGrath, essayist and journalist Chuck Klosterman, and novelist Jon Hassler. UND graduates have become editors of major magazines: Carroll Eugene Simcox of The Living Church, former Ebony editor Era Bell Thompson and former LIFE editor Edward K. Thompson. Alumni who have become notable in arts and entertainment include actor Sam Anderson and America's Next Top Model winner Nicole Linkletter. Former UND students who have gone on to notable careers in athletics include former NBA player and NBA coach Phil Jackson, ice hockey player who played in the 1980 Winter Olympics "Miracle on Ice" game Dave Christian, NHL professional ice hockey players Ed Belfour, Tony Hrkac, Jonathan Toews ï¿½ captain of the Chicago Blackhawks, Zach Parise ï¿½ Minnesota Wild, Travis Zajac ï¿½ New Jersey Devils, T.J. Oshie ï¿½ St. Louis Blues, Ryan Bayda ï¿½ Pittsburgh Penguins, Drew Stafford ï¿½ Buffalo Sabres, Brian Lee ï¿½ Ottawa Senators, Matt Smaby ï¿½ Tampa Bay Lightning, Matt Jones and Matt Frattin ï¿½ Toronto Maple Leafs, Mike Commodore ï¿½ Columbus Blue Jackets, Jason Blake ï¿½ Anaheim Ducks, Ryan Johnson ï¿½ Vancouver Canucks, NFL professional football players Jim Kleinsasser ï¿½ and Dave Osborn, both of the Minnesota Vikings, CFL professional football players Weston Dressler, David Griswold ï¿½ Saskatchewan Roughriders.
Urban ï¿½ 550 Acres (2.2ï¿½Km2)