Tufts University is a private research university located in Medford/Somerville, near Boston, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
19th century Tufts College, c. 1854 In the 1840s, the Universalist church wanted to open a college in New England, and in 1852, Charles Tufts donated 20 acres to the church to help them achieve this goal. Charles Tufts had inherited the land, a barren hill which was one of the highest points in the Boston area, called Walnut HIll, and when asked by a family member what he intended to do with the land, he said "I will put a light on it." His 20 acre donation (then valued at $20,000) is still at the heart of Tufts' now 150 acre campus, straddling Somerville and Medford. It was also in 1852 that the Commonwealth of Massachusetts chartered Tufts College, noting the college should promote "virtue and piety and learning in such of the languages and liberal and useful arts as shall be recommended." Having been one of the biggest influences in the establishment of the College, Hosea Ballou II became the first president in 1853, and College Hall, the first building on campus, was completed the following year. That building now bears Ballou's name. The campus opened in August 1854. The divinity school was organized in 1867. P. T. Barnum was one of the earliest benefactors of Tufts College, and the Barnum Museum of Natural History was constructed in 1884 with funds donated by him to house his collection of animal specimens and the stuffed hide of Jumbo the elephant, who would become the university's mascot. The building stood until April 14, 1975, when fire gutted Barnum Hall, destroying the entire collection. On July 15, 1892, the Tufts Board of Trustees voted "that the College be opened to women in the undergraduate departments on the same terms and conditions as men." At the same meeting, the trustees voted to create a graduate school faculty and to offer the Ph.D. degree in biology and chemistry. 20th century Walnut Hill as it appeared prior to the construction of Tisch Library and steps, circa 1910. The road to the right no longer exists. Tufts expanded in the 1933 with the opening of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, the first graduate school of international affairs in the United States. The Fletcher School began as a joint effort between Tufts and Harvard University, funded by an endowment from longtime Tufts benefactor and alumnus Dr. Austin Barclay Fletcher. Tufts assumed full administration of the Fletcher School in 1935, and strong linkages between the two schools remain. In 1955, continued expansion was reflected in the change of the school's name to Tufts University. During World War II, Tufts College was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. Due to travel restrictions imposed by World War II, the Boston Red Sox conducted spring training for the 1943 Major League season at Tufts College. The university experienced tremendous growth during the presidency of Jean Mayer (1976ï¿½1992). Mayer was, by all accounts, some combination of "charming, witty, duplicitous, ambitious, brilliant, intellectual, opportunistic, generous, vain, slippery, loyal, possessed of an inner standard of excellence, and charismatic." Mayer established Tufts' veterinary, nutrition, and biomedical schools and acquired the Grafton and Talloires campuses, at the same time lifting the university out of its dire financial situation by increasing the size of the endowment by a factor of 15. 21st century Under President Larry Bacow, Tufts started a capital campaign in 2006 with the goal of raising $1.2 billion to implement full need-blind admission by 2011. As of December 10, 2010 the campaign raised $1.14 billion. Tufts received the largest donations in its history since 2005, including a $136 million bequest to its endowment upon the dissolution of a charitable trust set up by 1911 alumnus Frank C. Doble, a $100 million gift from eBay founder Pierre Omidyar to establish the Omidyar-Tufts Microfinance Fund, and a number of $40 million-plus gifts to specific schools. On November 30, 2010, the university announced that Anthony P. Monaco, formerly of Oxford, would become its thirteenth president. Monaco's inauguration took place on October 21, 2011.
Tufts is a student-centered research university dedicated to the creation and application of knowledge. We are committed to providing transformational experiences for students and faculty in an inclusive and collaborative environment where creative scholars generate bold ideas, innovate in the face of complex challenges and distinguish themselves as active citizens of the world.
Tufts alumni in the government sector include Kostas Karamanlis, former Prime Minister of Greece; Shashi Tharoor, former United Nations Under-Secretary General and Indian Minister; Scott Brown, Republican ex-U S Senator from Massachusetts; Bill Richardson, ex-Democratic Governor of New Mexico; Alan Solomont, former Ambassador to Spain; and Peter DeFazio, Democratic United States Representative from Oregon. Graduates who have found success in business include Pierre Omidyar, eBay founder; Roy Raymond, founder of Victoria's Secret; Laura Lang, CEO of Time Inc; Jamie Dimon, CEO of JPMorgan Chase; Khaldoon Al Mubarak, Ceo of Mubadala Development Company and Chairman of Manchester City F.C.; John Bello, SoBe Beverages founder; marketing guru Seth Godin; Jeff Kindler, former CEO of Pfizer; Jonathan Tisch, CEO of Loews Hotels; Ellen J. Kullman, CEO of DuPont; Joseph Neubauer, Former CEO and currently Chairman of ARAMARK; Anthony Scaramucci, Co-Founder of SkyBridge Capital; and Neil Blumenthal, Co-Founder and CEO of Warby Parker. In media, alumni include David Faber (CNBC), anchor at CNBC; Meredith Vieira, journalist and TV personality; Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr., The New York Times publisher; Peter Roth, CEO of Warner Bros. Television; Lew Rockwell, founder of Ludwig von Mises Institute; Gregory Maguire, novelist; and Yusuf Hassan Abdi, former Director of IRIN. Some of the writer alumni have been known to write characters as students of Tufts or a thinly-veiled substitute, such as the title characters of Two Guys and a Girl and the lead character of Christopher Golden's Body of Evidence mystery novels. Bollywood actress Ameesha Patel studied Economics at Tufts University. Other alumni include Michelle Kwan, Olympic medallist and World Champion figure skater from the United States; Cal Shapiro and Rob Resnick from the two-man band of Timeflies; Rainn Wilson, American actor and comedian; Tracy Chapman, American singer/songwriter; and Peter Gallagher, American actor; Shane Lavalette, photographer, publisher/editor of Lavalette, and director of Light Work, a renowned non-profit photography organization in Syracuse, New York; Eileen Quinlan, photographer. Notable drop-outs include actress Jessica Biel, actor William Hurt and American Apparel founder Dov Charney. Fictional alumni include the title character on Crossing Jordan, Alex Welch from the novella The Odd Saga of the American and a Curious Icelandic Flock, and Dr. Jennifer Melfi on The Sopranos. Elaine Benes from Seinfeld claims that she attended Tufts, calling it her "safety school." In the 2009 The Simpsons episode "Bart Gets a 'Z'," Bart's substitute teacher announces to the class that he received his Master's in teaching from Tufts. Finally, in the final episode of Daria, Daria goes off to attend Raft University, widely believed to be a fictionalized version of Tufts.