Norwich University ï¿½ The Military College of Vermont is a private university located in Northfield, Vermont. It is the oldest private military college in the United States.
The university was founded in 1819 at Norwich, Vermont by military educator and former superintendent of West Point, Captain Alden Partridge. Partridge believed in the "American System of Education," a traditional liberal arts curriculum with instruction in civil engineering (the first in the nation) and military science. After leaving West Point because of congressional disapproval of his system, he returned to his native state of Vermont to create the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy. Partridge, in founding the academy, rebelled against the reforms of Sylvanus Thayer to prevent the rise of what he saw as the greatest threat to the security of the young republic: an Aristocratic officer class. He believed that a well-trained militia was an urgent necessity and developed the American system around that idea. His academy became the inspiration for a number of military colleges throughout the nation, including both the Virginia Military Institute and The Citadel, and later the land grant colleges created through the Morrill Act of 1862. Partridge was the founding father of ROTC and The Citizen-Soldier concept. All entering freshman entering the Corps of Cadets are called "Rooks" and their first year at Norwich is called "Rookdom". The institution of "Rookdom" consists of two three-month processes that mold civilians into Norwich Cadets: Rook Basic Training and Basic Leadership Training. Culmination of Rook Basic Training marks the halfway point toward Recognition and occurs before Thanksgiving break, after which Rooks are awarded privileges. Recognition into the Corps of Cadets typically occurs around the twenty-third week. Partridge's educational beliefs were considered radical at the time, and this led to his conflicting views with the federal government while he was the superintendent of West Point. Upon creation of his own school, he immediately incorporated classes of agriculture and modern languages in addition to the sciences, liberal arts, and various military subjects. Field exercises, for which Partridge borrowed cannon and muskets from the federal and state governments, supplemented classroom instruction and added an element of realism to the collegeï¿½s program of well-rounded military education. Partridge founded six other military institutions during his quest to reform the fledgling United States military. They were the Virginia Literary, Scientific and Military Academy at Portsmouth, Virginia (1839ï¿½1846), Pennsylvania Literary, Scientific, and Military Academy at Bristol, Pennsylvania (1842ï¿½1845), Pennsylvania Military Institute at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (1845ï¿½1848), Wilmington Literary, Scientific and Military Academy at Wilmington, Delaware (1846ï¿½1848), the Scientific and Military Collegiate Institute at Reading, Pennsylvania (1850ï¿½1854), Gymnasium and Military Institute at Pembroke, New Hampshire (1850ï¿½1853) and the National Scientific and Military Academy at Brandywine Springs, Delaware (1853).
Norwich's mission statement is one of the most unique statements found in higher education. We know exactly who we are, why we are here, and where we are going. We are able to be very specific: To give our youth an education that shall be American in character ï¿½ to enable them to act as well as to think ï¿½ to execute as well as to conceive ï¿½ ï¿½to tolerate all opinions when reason is left free to combat themï¿½ ï¿½ to make moral, patriotic, efficient, and useful citizens, and to qualify them for all those high responsibilities resting upon a citizen of this free republic.
Rear Admiral Hiram Paulding (class of 1822) ï¿½ Commander of the Navy's Home Squadron, 1856ï¿½1858; Commandant of the New York Navy Yard, Commander James H. Ward (1823) ï¿½ First Commandant of the United States Naval Academy; first Union Naval officer killed in action during the American Civil War. Gideon Welles (1826) ï¿½ United States Secretary of the Navy from 1861ï¿½1869. Major General William Huntington Russell (1828) ï¿½ commander of Connecticut state militia during the American Civil War; founder of the Skull and Bones society at Yale University. Captain George Musalas "Colvos" Colvocoresses (1831) ï¿½ Commanded USS Saratoga during the American Civil War. Major General Horatio G. Wright (attended 1834-1836) ï¿½ Commander of the VI Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War; Chief of Engineers for the Army; Chief Engineer for the completion of the Washington Monument. Brigadier General Thomas E. G. Ransom (attended 1848-1850) ï¿½ general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. At various times, he commanded divisions of XIII, XVI and XVII Corps. Major General Grenville M. Dodge (1851) ï¿½ Commander, Department of the Missouri; Chief Engineer of Union Pacific during construction of the Transcontinental Railroad. Dodge City, Kansas is named in his honor. Brigadier General Frederick W. Lander (1852) ï¿½ Surveyor of railroad routes and wagon trails in the Far West; commanded a division in the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War. Admiral of the Navy George Dewey (attended 1852-1854) ï¿½ Commanded the Navy's Asiatic Squadron at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. Brigadier General Henry Clay Wood (1856) ï¿½ Received the Medal of Honor for Distinguished Gallantry at the Battle of Wilsonï¿½s Creek,Missouri, on August 10, 1861. Brigadier General Edward Bancroft Williston (1856) ï¿½ Received the Medal of Honor for heroism at Trevilian Station during the Civil War. Brigadier General Edmund Rice (1859) ï¿½ Received the Medal of Honor for repelling Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg. Albert Martin (soldier) ï¿½ defender of the Alamo in 1836 Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy (1843) &ndash In command or present at the Union reverses of the Battle of McDowell, Battle of Cross Keys, and Battle of Second Winchester. Colonel Thomas O. Seaver (1859) ï¿½ Commanded the 3rd Vermont Infantry during the American Civil War; received the Medal of Honor for his heroism at Spotsylvania. Rear Admiral George A. Converse (1863) ï¿½ Notable naval engineer; Chief of the Bureaus of Equipment, Ordnance, and Navigation. 1st Lieutenant James Porter (attended 1863-1864) ï¿½ Officer in the 7th Cavalry from 1869 to 1876; killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Rear Admiral George Partridge Colvocoresses (1866) ï¿½ Commandant of Cadets at the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis from 1905-1909. Brigadier General Hiram Iddings Bearss (attended 1894-1895) ï¿½ Received the Medal of Honor for heroism during the Philippine-American War Lieutenant General Edward H. Brooks (1916) ï¿½ Commander, VI Armored Corps, 1944ï¿½1945, during World War II; commanding general, U.S. Army in the Caribbean, 1947; commanding general, Second Army, 1951. Major General Leonard F. Wing, Sr. Attended between 1910 and 1914 ï¿½ Commander, 43rd Infantry Division during World War II, ï¿½ honorary degrees, 1938, 1946. Brigadier General Leonard F. Wing, Jr. 1945 ï¿½ Vermont Bar Association President, commander of the 86th Armored Brigade Major General Ernest N. Harmon (attended 1914) ï¿½ Commander, 1st Armored Division, 2nd Armored Division, and XXII Corps during World War II; commander, VI Corps. Twenty-second President of the University, 1950. General Isaac D. White (1922) ï¿½ commanding general, United States Army Pacific Command, 1957ï¿½1961. Nicknamed, "Mr. Armor". Major General Briard Poland Johnson, 1927 ï¿½ Commander, 67th Armored Regiment, during World War II; Chief of Staff for the Continental Army Command, Fort Monroe, Virginia, 1963. Captain James M. Burt (1939) ï¿½ Received the Medal of Honor for heroism at Aachen during World War II. Major General Robert S. Holmes (1952) ï¿½ Commanding General of the 91st Infantry Division in Fort Baker, Calif. Brigadier General Charles E. Canedy (1953) ï¿½ named to the Army Aviation Hall of Fame in 1995. General Gordon R. Sullivan (1959) ï¿½ Army Chief of Staff, 1991ï¿½1995. Lieutenant General John C. Koziol (1976) ï¿½ Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Intelligence) for Joint and Coalition Warfighter Support. Lieutenant General Mark S. Bowman (1978) ï¿½ Chief Information Officer (CIO) and J6 for the Pentagon Joint Staff. Major General David E. Quantock (1980) ï¿½ Provost Marshal General of the Army, Commanding General United States Army Criminal Investigation Command and Army Corrections Command. Lieutenant General Bruce A. Litchfield (1981) ï¿½ Commander of the Air Force Sustainment Center, Air Force Materiel Command, Tinker Air Force Base, Okla. Major General Donald E. Edwards ï¿½ Adjutant General of the Vermont National Guard from 1981 to 1997 Brigadier General Jeffrey P. Lyon (1972) ï¿½ Chief of Staff of the Vermont Air National Guard from 1997 to 2002 Major General Lewis Samuel Partridge, nephew of Alden Partridge, Adjutant General of the Vermont Militia Major General Reginald M. Cram, Adjutant General of the Vermont National Guard in 1966, and from 1967 to 1971 Major General Francis William Billado, Adjutant General of the Vermont National Guard from 1955 to 1966 Political Ansel Briggs 1820 - First Governor of Iowa Thomas Green Clemson 1824 ï¿½ US Ambassador to Belgium and founder of Clemson University Charles D. Drake 1825 ï¿½ United States Senator from Missouri. Gideon Welles 1826 ï¿½ Secretary of the Navy from 1861 to 1869 Edward Stanly 1829 ï¿½ Whig politician and orator who served the State of North Carolina in the Congress from 1837 to 1843 and again from 1847 to 1853. Thomas Bragg 1830 ï¿½ Governor of North Carolina from 1855 to 1859, US Senator for North Carolina 1859 to 1861 and 2nd Attorney General of the Confederate States. Horatio Seymour 1831 ï¿½ Governor of New York from 1852 to 1854 and from 1862 to 1864; also the Democratic Nominee for President in 1868 Jefferson P. Kidder 1834 ï¿½ 17th Lieutenant Governor of Vermont, United States Congressman for the Dakota Territory, and a justice of territorial Supreme Court. Kidder County, North Dakota is named for him. Caleb Lyon 1841 ï¿½ Governor of the Idaho Territory from 1864 to 1865 and Member of the 33rd United States Congress from 1853ï¿½1855. Alvan E. Bovay 1841 ï¿½ Co-founder of Republican Party and of Ripon College William Little Lee 1842 ï¿½ Lawyer and privy counselor to Kamehameha III of Hawaii, later served as the Kingdom's chief justice from 1848 to his death in 1857. William Pitt Kellogg 1848 ï¿½ Chief Justice of the Nebraska Territory (1861) Elected to the Senate from Louisiana in 1868; governor of that state in 1873; and left office with the end of Reconstruction 1877. Returning to the Senate in 1877ï¿½1995. one of the few carpetbagger politicians to remain in power in the South post-Reconstruction. James KP Chamberlin (NU 1856ï¿½1858) ï¿½ Appointed to the Nebraska State Supreme Court in 1887 Burleigh F. Spalding 1877 ï¿½ Served as a United States Representative from North Dakota from 1899 to 1901 and again from 1903 to 1905. Chief Justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court from 1908 to 1915. Colonel Ernest Willard Gibson 1894 ï¿½ US Senator from Vermont. Charles A. Plumley 1896 ï¿½ Served in United States Congress from January 16, 1934, to January 3, 1951 as U.S. Representative from Vermont. Tarak Nath Das, 1908 ï¿½ Indian freedom fighter, co-founder of the Ghadar Party, expelled for his anti-British political activities Colonel Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. 1923 ï¿½ U.S. Senator from 1940 to 1941, . Later the Governor of Vermont from 1946 to 1950. Colin Kenny 1966 ï¿½ Adviser to Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau from 1970 to 1979, appointed to the Canadian Senate by Trudeau in 1984 for the province of Ontario. Jason R. Holsman 2003 ï¿½ Representative of the 43rd District of Missouri in General Assembly. Business Harry Bates Thayer ï¿½ President from 1919 to 1925 and Chairman of the Board of AT&T until 1928 Paul R Andrews 1930 ï¿½ CEO of Prentice Hall Publishing Company from 1971 to 1975 Brigadier General Robert F. McDermott (1937ï¿½1939) ï¿½ CEO of United Services Automobile Association (USAA). Appointed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to be the first dean of the United States Air Force Academy. Called the "Father of the Modern Military Education" and the "Father of the Air Force Academy." Pierson Mapes 1959 - President of NBC from 1982-1994. 6 Engineering and architecture Edwin Ferry Johnson 1825 ï¿½ Surveyor of the Champlain Canal and chief engineer of the New York & Erie, Hartford & New Haven and Northern Pacific railroads. Early proponent of a transcontinental railroad and later mayor of Middletown, CT.6 Major General Grenville Dodge 1850 ï¿½ Civil War General, US Congressman and later Chief Engineer of the Union Pacific Railroad. Dodge City, KS is named in his honor. Edward Dean Adams 1864 ï¿½ Engineer and builder of the Niagara Falls Power facility.66 Samuel T. Wellman 1866 ï¿½ American steel industry pioneer, industrialist, and prolific inventor. Wellman was also president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers from 1901 to 1902. William Rutherford Mead ï¿½ Joined with Charles Follen McKim and Stanford White to form McKim, Mead, and White in 1879. Associated with the City Beautiful and Beaux Arts movements, McKim, Mead, and White designed the Rhode Island State House, the Morningside Heights campus of Columbia University, the New York Pennsylvania Station and the West Wing of the White House.6 Richard E. Hayden 1968 6 ï¿½ acoustics researcher, won the Wright Brothers Medal in 1973 for a research paper on noise reduction for STOL aircraft Athletes Arlie Pond 1888ï¿½1890 ï¿½ Major league pitcher for the Baltimore Orioles from 1895ï¿½1898 Frank Liebel 1941 ï¿½ Professional football player 1942ï¿½1948 with the New York Giants and Chicago Bears.6 Thomas W.W. Atwood 1953 ï¿½ 1952 National Intercollegiate Rifle Champion. 1959 National Service Rifle Champion. 1961 International Military Sports Council (CISM) Rifle Champion. Inducted into the US Army Marksmanship Unit Service Rifle Hall of Fame in 1994.6 Allen Doyle 1971 ï¿½ Golfer on the Champions Tour. 2005 & 2006 US Senior Open Champion. 1999 Senior PGA Champion.6 Chris Bucknam 1978 ï¿½ Head menï¿½s track and field and cross country coach at the University of Arkansas. He was Northern Iowaï¿½s head menï¿½s track and field coach from 1984ï¿½2008 and the womenï¿½s head coach from 1997ï¿½2008. Bucknam has guided his teams to 35 league titles, two top-10 and six top-20 finishes at NCAA Indoor and Outdoor Championships. A 33-time conference coach of the year, Bucknam produced three national champions and an outstanding 34 All-Americans, who earned a total of 85 All-America awards.6 Frank Simonetti 1983 ï¿½ Professional American ice hockey player with the Boston Bruins from 1984ï¿½1988.7 Emily Caruso 2000 ï¿½ 2002, 2005, 2006, & 2007 National Air Rifle Champion. Member of the 2004 & 2008 Olympic Rifle Teams. 2011 Pan American Games gold medalist.7777 Mike Thomas Brown 2000 ï¿½ Professional Mixed Martial Artist and current WEC Featherweight Champion with his victory over Urijah Faber in November 2008.7 Keith Aucoin 2001 ï¿½ Professional American ice hockey player.77 Kurtis McLean 2005 ï¿½ Professional Canadian ice hockey player 7 Other notable alumni Frederick Townsend Ward 1853 (non-graduate) ï¿½ American soldier of fortune famous for his military victories for Imperial China during the Taiping Rebellion. Arthur Chase 1856 ï¿½ Co-founder of Theta Chi Fraternity. Bill W 1917 ï¿½ co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous. Was recognized by Time Magazine as being in the top 20 persons of the Time 100: Heroes and Icons in the 20th century.7 Marjorie Welish 1965? ï¿½ Poet, author, artist and art critic. Major Michael Mori 1991 ï¿½ Marine Corps officer and lawyer of Guantanamo Bay detainee David Matthew Hicks, aka Abu Muslim al-Austraili. Received in 2005 the American Civil Liberties Union's Roger N. Baldwin Medal of Liberty Award.at
Rural, 1200 acres (420 hectares)